From how people move to how they heat their homes. The European Commission recently presented a series of environmental regulations that will change the everyday lives of Europeans in the coming decades.

Climate roadmap

The 13 bars mark the climate roadmap of the future and paving the way for Europe to become the world’s first climate neutral continent by 2050.

In this way it is the intention to realize the European Green Deal. In the short term, the goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% compared to 1990.

The package, known as Fit for 55, includes some measures, such as stopping the sale of diesel cars in 2035 to encourage the use of electric cars, a tax on frontier coal in 2026 or a forestry strategy to plant 3,000 million trees by 2030. .

The current European Union (EU) Emissions Trading System (ETS) also increases spectrum and will increase the price of private vehicles or the energy consumption of households. “The fossil fuel economy has reached its limits.

We want to leave the next generation with a healthy planet, good jobs and growth that does not harm our nature,” said Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission.

One of the most important elements is the increase in pollution limits. Ten new CO2 taxes have been included for this purpose, especially those relating to air and sea transport.

In addition, by 2026, foreign companies will be subject to the tax rate on coal at the border. Countries like the United States, China or Russia may see products such as steel or energy taxed. The other objective is to encourage fair competition and not to leave Community companies at a disadvantage in the markets.

Along these lines, the EU must demonstrate to the World Trade Organization (WTO) that it is not championing a protectionist production model, but rather setting the global example towards a more sustainable planet.

Another artery is the new directive on renewable energy sources. Today, the production and use of energy are responsible for 75% of CO2 emissions.

The new 2030 target is to produce 40% of all energy in the community bloc from renewable sources. In this line, the buildings will have to move towards sustainability. Every year, 3% of public infrastructure needs to be renovated to reduce energy consumption with cleaner methods and promote energy efficiency.

“The benefits of acting now to protect people and the planet are clear: cleaner air, cooler and greener cities and towns, healthier citizens, lower energy consumption and lower bills, technological and industrial opportunities, more space for nature and a healthier planet for the future generations”, sums up the Community Executive in its strategy.

However, this transition will entail high costs for citizens, businesses and government. To prevent the most vulnerable sectors from being left behind, a Social Fund for Climate has been created that will distribute up to EUR 72,200 million among the 27 Member States with proportionality criteria.

Tough negotiations ahead

“This is the decisive decade in the fight against the climate and biodiversity crises. The EU has set ambitious goals and today it presents the way to achieve them.

Realizing a green and healthy future for everyone will require a great effort from everyone. Europe’s transition will be fair, green and competitive,” said Frans Timmermans, Vice-President of the Commission and Head of the European Green Deal.

At the moment, the one that has seen the light is the European Commission’s proposal. But now the hardest path begins: negotiations with Parliament and the European Council, which can take years.

Some countries, such as Poland, are afraid of being left behind because of their heavy dependence on coal. France also has a very high nuclear power base.

In any case, paving the way for the EU’s path to ecological transition has been the Commission’s major political commitment since the beginning of this parliamentary term. The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has also given this ambition a new impulse.

Achieving a more sustainable continent, along with promoting the digital transformation of society and community businesses, is one of the great drivers of the Next Generation EU European Fund.

In fact, under this fund, the Spanish government has approved the first Strategic Economic Recovery and Transformation (PERTE) project aimed at developing electric and connected vehicles.

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