Highlights

  • The Constituent Assembly was formed in the year 1946.
  • It is the longest manuscript in the world.
  • It was written by Prem Bihari Narayan Raijada and adorned by Nandlal Bose.

November 26, 1949 and January 26, 1950 are significant in the history of India. Both these dates relate to the history of the Constitution of India. Our Constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950. The date on which the Constitution was adopted i.e. 26th November is celebrated as Constitution Day and 26th January as Republic Day. Here are some interesting facts related to our Constitution on the occasion of Republic Day.

Learn the history of the formation of the Constituent Assembly

The Constituent Assembly was formed in 1946 under the Cabinet Mission Plan. Dr. Rajendra Prasad to its chairman and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was appointed as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. Thirteen committees were formed to prepare the draft report. Initially the Constituent Assembly had a total of 389 members. 292 representatives of provinces, 93 representatives of states, 3 representatives of chief commissioner provinces, 1 representative of Balochistan were included. The Muslim League later distanced itself from it, then reduced the number of members of the Constituent Assembly to 299.

The first draft of the Constitution of India was presented for discussion in January 1948. Discussions began on November 4, 1948 and lasted for 32 days. 7,635 amendments were proposed during this period. Of which 2,473 were discussed in detail. The Constituent Assembly met for 2 years, 11 months and 18 days during which the constitution was finalized.

Interesting facts about the constitution

The original copy of the constitution was written in Hindi and English by Prem Bihari Narayan Raijada. He has written every page of the constitution in beautiful handwriting and italics. He used 254 pen holder nibs numbered 303 to write the constitution. It took him 6 months to write the constitution. He was allotted a room in the Constituent Assembly by the Government of India. He refused to take remuneration. He only stipulated that he would write his name on every page of the constitution and on the last page he would write his grandfather’s name along with his name.

Acharya Nandlal Bose was entrusted with the task of decorating every page of the Constitution with pictures. Under his guidance his disciples worked to draft the constitution. Nandlal Bose himself drew big pictures.

– Vyahar Ram Manohar Sinha decorated the most important page of the constitution ‘Pramukh’ with his art. He was a disciple of Nandlal Bose.

This constitution is the longest and most detailed constitution in the world. It has 25 parts, 448 articles and 12 timelines. The original constitution had 395 articles and 9 schedules. The greatest beauty of the Indian Constitution is that cultural, religious and geographical diversity were taken into consideration while preparing it.

The Constitution of India is also called the bag of credit. In addition to the 10 major countries, more than 60 existing constitutions were enlisted at the time. The principles of freedom, equality and fraternity are taken from the Constitution of France. The idea for the 5 year plan was taken from the USSR. The principle of socio-economic rights was taken from Ireland. Most importantly, the law that the Supreme Court is working on was taken from Japan. There are many other things that have been taken from the constitutions of other countries.

The construction of the constitution cost Rs 64 lakh. The Constituent Assembly sat for a total of 11 sessions. The 11th session of the Constituent Assembly was held between 14-26 November 1949. The final draft of the constitution was prepared on 26 November 1949.

Original copies of the Indian Constitution, written in Hindi and English, have been kept in the Library of the Indian Parliament in a special helium-filled case for long-term preservation.

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