On January 24, 1950, 284 members signed in support of the adoption and implementation of the Constitution. Apart from this, the country’s parliament was formed for the first time on this day after the 1952 elections. However, even during this time the Constituent Assembly was functioning on a temporary basis despite the dissolution.
On January 24, the Constituent Assembly elected Dr. Selected Rajendra Prasad. In 1952 and again in 1957, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was re-elected President.
On January 24, the Constituent Assembly approved the adoption of the national anthem of India in 1950. On this day, India adopted its ‘Jana Gana Man’ as its national anthem. Interestingly, on this day in 1950 ‘Vande Mataram’ was also adopted as the national anthem of India.
The day of January 24 is very special for the second day too. This day is actually celebrated as National Girl Child Day. On January 24, 1966, Indira Gandhi was sworn in as the country’s first woman Prime Minister. This day is celebrated in memory of his achievement. It was launched in 2008. The government’s intention in holding this celebration is to change the mindset of the people regarding the birth of girls.
Other major events of the day on January 24th
An earthquake in China’s Shanxi Province in 1556 killed more than eight million people. This is the largest earthquake ever caused for human damage.
The first Indian barrister Gyanendra Mohan Tagore was born in the year 1826.
Oil was first extracted from a well dug 230 meters deep for oil in India in 1859.
Karpuri Thakur, a freedom fighter and former Chief Minister of Bihar, was born in 1924.
In 1951, Prem Mathur became the first Indian woman pilot to obtain a commercial license.
The first International Film Festival was held in Bombay (now Mumbai) in 1952.
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In 1957, the United Nations Security Council called for a referendum to decide the future of Kashmir.
In the year 1965, the Prime Minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri dedicated the Sharavati Hydroelectric Project at Jog, Mysore (now Karnataka) to the nation. It was India’s largest power project with US assistance at the time.
In the year 1966, Homi Jahangir Bhabha, the famous Indian scientist and father of the country’s nuclear program, died. His death was a great loss to the country.
In the year 2011, Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, the great singer and composer of Hindustani classical music, passed away.