The MOVES Plan offers companies and self-employed subsidies for the purchase of electric, plug-in hybrid and fuel cell vehicles, the installation of charging points and the promotion of projects that aim to promote sustainable mobility
Companies and the self-employed have a support plan for the purchase of vehicles that respect the environment and consume less. This is the Stimulation Program for Efficient and Sustainable Mobility, known as Plan MOVESwhich launched its third edition in March, with a budget of 400 million euros, expandable to 800 million euros.
In addition, the program is expected to be activated very soon MOVES Singular Projects II, which aims to encourage innovative projects in Spanish companies to promote the use of this type of car and improve road safety.
The aim One of these initiatives is to promote electric mobility and regenerate an aging fleet, as Spanish vehicles, according to the Spanish Association of Car and Truck Manufacturers (ANFAC), are on average 13.1 years old, while in Europe they are 10.8 be years old.
It also aims to reduce pollutant emissions and promote the automotive industry as a strategic industry for Spain, as it is the second largest manufacturer in Europe and the eighth in the world.
An idea endorsed by Isabel del Olmo, Head of the Sustainable Mobility and City Department of the Institute for Diversification and Energy Saving (IDAE): “In the cost of operating a fleet, fuel consumption represents about 70%, so all the measures reducing this consumption directly translates into economic benefits for the company,” he confirms.
Manuel Díaz Delgado, partner in charge of the automotive sector at the consultancy, clarifies that unlike large companies, which have more facilities to implement plans that improve the energy efficiency of their vehicles, it is a greater effort for SMEs . “They’re a little late, but they’re coming,” he says.
Ricard Castells, Commercial Director Renting Auto at Banco Sabadell, believes that these types of companies face several obstacles on their path to sustainability: “On the one hand, the lack of a broad infrastructure that makes them dependent on a sustainable vehicle and, on the other, another side, another, the price, which in many cases is higher than that of traditional combustion”.
To solve the lack of charging points, the Plan MOVES III also provides support for its installation up to 80% for the self-employed and up to 55% for SMEs.
This aid not only covers the purchase of this type of vehicle, but also makes it possible to acquire it in other ways, such as financing through financial leasing (rental with option to buy) and leasing for leasing. And in addition, they are increased for professionals and companies located in cities with less than 5,000 inhabitants.
These grants are part of the Spanish Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan (PRTR), which serves to channel aid from the European Fund Next Generation EU of which 19% is dedicated to sustainable mobility. While it is the government that promotes the initiatives through IDAE, it is the autonomous communities that are responsible for their implementation.
This is the help of the Plan MOVES III
This package of subsidies, in force since April 2021, allows the purchase of electric vehicles, plug-in hybrids and fuel cells – which run on hydrogen, the price of which does not exceed 45,000 euros, although it can be extended to 53,000 euros in the event with eight or nine seats. Electric motorcycles can also be bought for up to 10,000 euros for models equal to those with a displacement of more than 50 cubic centimeters.
In the case of large companies and SMEs, the purchase of vehicles is limited to 50 units and the aid varies between EUR 700 and EUR 4,000 in the case of companies; and between 1,100 euros and 9,000 euros for the self-employed, depending on the type of vehicle and if a previous vehicle is delivered for scrap.
Plan valid until December 2023 or until the full budget is allocated, and it is currently open in all Autonomous Communities except Cantabria, Catalonia, Extremadura and La Rioja, where it will be activated shortly. The following tables show the amounts that can be chosen depending on the type of vehicle that is purchased and if an older and therefore more polluting vehicle is withdrawn from circulation.
Support for placing charging points
The plan MOVES III provides a subsidy of 70% of the cost of installing charging stations for the self-employed, assistance that can go up to 80% of the cost if they live in municipalities with less than 5,000 inhabitants.
For companies, the percentages range from 55% for small, 45% for medium-sized and 35% for large companies, provided public access is concerned. If they’re in a population of less than 5,000, they add up to 60% for small businesses, 50% for medium-sized businesses, and 40% for large organizations. For private points, the support drops to 30% and 40% in cities with less than 5,000 inhabitants.
Program Help MOVES Single projects II
Parallel to the plan MOVES III, the program is launched MOVES Singular Projects II, which aims to promote experimental and innovative projects to promote the use of electric vehicles and fuel cells and their integration into society, both for public authorities and private companies.
It will be endowed with 100 million euros from the PRTR and any company can benefit from it. The calls have not yet been opened, but IDAE’s Del Olmo points out that they will soon and will pay for about 40% of the project.
In the first edition, 25 initiatives out of 107 presented were approved, 13 of which related to electrical innovation and 12 with actions in urban environments, including the 15 million euros available.
IDAE stands out for its exemplary character of the Municipal Council of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, in the Canary Islands. This is a comprehensive mobility project that includes the creation of photovoltaic charging stations and the design of safe school paths.
Plan MOVES II: still valid
Although the plan is already in the making MOVES III has been implemented only 83% of what was budgeted in the second edition, active since 2020. It had 100 million euros from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) of the European Union (EU), which was increased in March 2021 to 20 million euros more for those Autonomous Communities that had already committed 100% of their allocated budget.
However, the aid of the Plan MOVES are incompatible with other grants for the same purpose, from any government agency or public or private entity, whether national or international.
If the application for the second edition of the plan is still pending, applications for the third edition cannot be made simultaneously and vice versa. Although if a vehicle is purchased with the Plan MOVES II, another can be purchased within the Plan MOVES III.
Spanish mobile fleet outdated and polluting
The Spanish mobile fleet has one of the highest average ages in Europe: 13.1 years, according to ANFAC, and more than two-thirds of the nearly 25 million passenger cars passing through Spain are older than 10 years.
However, corporate fleets are younger than private fleets. Only a third (32.9%) of companies’ vehicles are older than ten years, 5.3% are between seven and ten years old, 9.6% between five and six years old, 21.8%, between two and four years old and 30.4% are younger than two years old, according to data from Arval Mobility Observatory based on figures from the General Directorate of Traffic (DGT).
However, commercial vehicles still have a large margin for improvement in the efficiency of their emissions. Currently, only 0.8% of company passenger cars have the ECO or Zero Emissions label, the highest category. In addition, 35.5% is found in the most polluting division, which does not allow an environmental label and which groups petrol vehicles registered before January 2000 and diesel vehicles until December 2005.