The Battle of Haldighati was fought on June 18, 1576 between Maharana Pratap, the Rajput ruler of Mewar, and Man Singh on the side of Mughal Emperor Akbar. Rajasthan historian Chandrasekhar Sharma has published a research on this war. According to which Rana Pratap was giving land lease after Haldighati war, which shows that Maharana Pratap had won this war. If he had been defeated, he would not have been able to give people the lease. However, you can find out what the truth should be according to the facts present in history.
Find out the main facts about Haldighati war
There was no fighting in Haldighati
Haldighati, mentioned in Indian history, is a narrow valley between two hills in Rajasthan. Due to the turmeric-like color of the soil present here, it is called Haldi Ghati. This battle of history started from Haldighati Pass but Maharana did not fight there, his battle was fought in Khamnaur. The Mughal historian Abul Fazl, who wrote about Indian history, called it the Battle of Khamnaur. At the same time, Maharana Pratap’s Charan poet Rama Sandu also writes in his composition ‘Maharana Pratap Singh Ji Ra of Zul’ that Maharana Pratap went to Haldighati with his army, but there was terrible bloodshed in Khamnaur.
Maharana Pratap wanted to besiege the Mughal army at Haldighati
According to the facts present in history this war lasted only 4 hours. According to most historians, Maharana Pratap wanted to encircle the Mughal army in the narrow Haldighati in this battle, but General Mansingh, who had come to fight on behalf of the Mughals, did not go inside the valley. The Mughals knew that it was not proper to take such a large army into the valley. After some patience, Rana’s army reached the plain of Khamnaur. This was followed by a fierce battle between the two armies.
The Mughal army doubled in battle
There was a huge disparity between the two armies that entered the war. In addition to the strength of the army, in many respects the Mughals had better weapons and tactics. The Mughals did not count their army. The British historian Colonel James Todd wrote of the war that 22,000 Rajputs fought against 80,000 Mughals. Although many historians disprove this fact, they believe that when Akbar himself attacked Chittor he had 60,000 troops at the time, how could he send more troops than himself with Man Singh.
Although figures from Rajasthan historian Muhnut Nancy, Mughal historian Abdul Qadir Bandauni, Abul Fazl and historian Yadunath Sarkar, who wrote the history of the war, are believed to have been recorded, about 5,000 Mewadi and 20,000 Mughal soldiers took part in the battle. On the other hand, if we talk about weapons, Mewar’s army did not have guns at that time. While the Mughal army also had guns. Next to Rana Pratap were 100 elephants, including the famous ‘Ramprasad’ and ‘Luna’. The Mughals had three times as many elephants.
Also read: World War I: Find out why World War II happened and the role of Indian soldiers
Rana Pratap had a total of 3,000 horses including Chetak. At the same time, the number of Mughal horses was about 10,000. The Rajputs could not bring their cannons in this battle due to bad mountain roads, while the Mughal army coming from the plains brought cannons mounted on camels. The Rajputs did not even use camels. At the same time, these camels benefited the Mughals the most.
Zala had to die instead of Rana.
During the war between the two armies, the Mughals once besieged Rana Pratap. The Mughals were targeting Rana Pratap’s crown from a distance. In such a situation, Sardar Mannaji Zala himself was crowned Rana. Historians believe that Rana was badly wounded at the time. However, after that the Mughal army started targeting Jhala as Rana. He constantly struggled and saved the life of Maharana Pratap by giving his life.